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The Pupil and it's Border

7 modules. 5 CPE points.

Up to 80% of pupils in adults display some sort of irregularity, making it an important feature in health evaluation.


In fact – so much can be learned from a study of the colour, response, size and shape of the pupils that some practitioners use it alone.

Although it is rare to find adults who have perfectly round shaped pupils, this is the ideal shape. This module is an explanation of the pupil and its various irregularities and their significance in human health. 138 images.

A marked change in pupil size indicates dominance in either the sympathetic or parasympathetic nervous system, which can have a marked effect on metabolic function.  

Although the vast majority of us are born with round pupils, this shape can change over time. Since the spine is represented on the pupil border, shape variations offer valuable insight into specific structural problems. These can have a reflex effect on various organs, muscles and metabolic processes.  Many examples of sectoral flattening have psychological implications. These are described in this section.


Preparation reading The Integrated Iridology Textbook Chapter 21


*Class price includes student workbook and a hard copy of the Integrated Iridology Pupil and its Border chart.

Course outline

What you will learn: 


  • The effects of the autonomic nervous system on pupil dynamics 

  • Pupil size 

  • Pupil shape 

  • Ellipsoid distortions 

  • Pupil flattening relationship to the spine 

  • Relationship of pupil and collarette size 

  • Pupil border signs 

  • Practical application

"Thanks so much for offering such a comprehensive course on Pupils. I had no idea how much could be learned from analysis of this area. The Pupil Border information supplied in this module is 100% outstanding. Every intricate detail imaginable was covered within all sections presented."

S.T. San Diego

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